There are gurus and there are finance gurus. Most people approach the markets like a maze or a puzzle expecting to be confused and overwhelmed losing their way in the many alleyways and avenues in the investing world. There are some who are more enlightened when it comes to navigating finance with fresh approaches and successful strategies that serve as guides for others. We’ve put together what we consider to be some of the best investment quotes from these experts! Read More
When discussing portfolio construction with Indian investors, one question that frequently comes up is whether it makes sense for an Indian investor to invest outside of India. Indian equity markets have compounded capital at high double digit rates over the past thirty plus years and with the Indian economy expected to grow at the fastest pace of the large economies globally, investors continue to expect great returns from the Indian equity markets. Why then invest outside India? Read More
“The stock market is the story of cycles and of the human behavior that is responsible for overreactions in both directions.”
– Seth Klarman.
When Warren Buffett famously stated that investing was simple but not easy, he meant that the rules we ought to use in order to make good investment decisions are easy to learn but actually adhering to them is difficult. Disregarding rules while investing cannot be attributed to open rebellion but can be ascribed to the basic human survival instincts that have been ingrained in us since time immemorial. Certain traits favored in the process of Natural Selection and helped our ancestors survive in the jungle actually do not help in the market.
When Warren Buffett stated “It’s far better to buy a wonderful company at a fair price than a fair company at a wonderful price,” he was talking about companies with wide economic moats. The term Economic moat, famously coined by Warren Buffett, refers to the sustainable competitive advantages that immunize a business from competitors – similar to a moat protecting a castle. Mr. Buffett’s investing strategy is to invest in companies with strong economic moats as they are likely to remain successful over a long period of time.
Different types of Economic Moats offer different competitive advantages. Of all the competitive advantages a company can have, network effect is the rarest that is produced but once it occurs, it is likely to last for a long time.
This article originally appeared on Advisor Perspectives.
“Ben felt that what I do now makes sense for my situation. It still has its founding in Graham, but it does have more of a qualitative dimension to it because, for one thing, we manage such large sums of money that you can’t go around and find these relatively small value-price discrepancies anymore. Instead, we have to place larger bets, and that involves looking at more criteria, not all of them quantitative. Ben would say that what I do now makes sense, but he would say that it’s much harder for most people to do.” – Warren Buffett 1 responding on apparent divergence from Graham, emphasis ours.
“The number one idea is to view a stock as an ownership of the business and to judge the staying quality of the business in terms of its competitive advantage. Look for more value in terms of discounted future cash-flow than you are paying for. Move only when you have an advantage.” –Charlie Munger
“Not everything that counts can be counted, and not everything that can be counted counts.” – William Bruce Cameron 2
While cash flows have been used as a guide to indicate the health of a company, just looking at cash flows is not enough. Multi-Act experts conduct an analysis of 3 companies,in the auto parts retailing industry, a highly favoured segment amongst investors and analysts. You’ll see why investing in auto part retailers may not be wise under certain circumstances. As we analyze 3 companies in the following areas, discover fundamental traits that should make investors skeptical:
- Profitability: Margin Cycle
- Cash Flow Generation: Working Capital
- Cash Flow Utilization: Capital Allocation
Sustainable Competitive Advantages: Consumer Preference
By Baijnath Ramraika, CFA and Prashant Trivedi, CFA with assistance from Ms. Siddhi Gujar
August 2, 2016
This article first appeared on Advisor Perspectives.
In this article:
Understanding how to analyze a moat is critical to evaluating the value of any business, and subsequently an important factor in knowing whether you should invest in a particular business. In this article, we explain why we believe terms like “brand moats” or “intangible assets-based moats” are misleading and will set up investors for behavioral errors.
It’s not enough to call a moat by its right name. We delve further to see whether this moat is a sustainable competitive advantage. Discover the two elements that need to be present and form the primary components of an analytical framework to identifying a consumer preference moat, along with ancillary factors such as pricing power and product differentiation. You’ll understand our rule of limit to the pricing power of the incumbent through examples of companies like Parle-G. You’ll learn why investing in emerging markets and specifically consumer companies needs to be treated with caution.
To help you understand our framework better, we take you through a step-by-step analysis of Colgate
“Our approach is very much profiting from lack of change rather than from change. With Wrigley chewing gum, it’s the lack of change that appeals to me.” – Warren Buffett (emphasis ours)
Fundamentalists believe that the cash flows in a company’s book never fail to provide a realistic picture of the business’ current state. However, sometimes sale of receivables can help keep the debt off-balance sheet and result in much better reported cash flow performance. Read More
Dalbar, a Boston based analytics group has been studying the US markets for over 20 years and they have been publishing reports which compare the performance of an average Mutual Fund investor as compared to the Market Indices. Important point to note here is that the performance calculated was for the investor in the Mutual Fund and not the Mutual Fund itself which is more readily available.
This article originally appeared on Advisor Perspectives.
“The moat in a business like our auto insurance business at GEICO is low cost. I mean people have to buy auto insurance, so everybody’s going to have one auto insurance policy per car basically, or per driver. And…I can’t sell them twenty…but they have to buy one. Read More