It is important to remember that all investments are subject to a certain amount of risk. ‘Risk” can simply be defined as the probability of losing whole or part of the sum invested. This probability must be considered before investing. Various tools may be employed to identify investment-worthy stocks such as fundamental analysis, price-to-earnings ratio, technical and quantitative analysis. Fund managers may combine two or more systems to determine the strength of investment.
By and large, traditional investment strategies are based on a fixed percentage mix of stocks, bonds, and cash for varying risk tolerances. It is often the money manager’s job to select the best investment options based on various theories that can be based on the long-term average performance of investment assets. For example, a moderate risk investor is likely to keep fully invested in 60 percent stock and 40 percent bond allocation without taking into consideration the risk. Institutions and fund managers may follow a relative investment approach, which in our opinion, has fundamental flaws as it focuses on short-term horizons and fails to incorporate emerging trends.